According to Humphreys, , p. Confederate guns on the hill above poured fire into the Union ranks at Burnside's bridge. He ordered a withdrawal.

Meade's 1st Brigade of Pennsylvanians, under Brig. Burnside's men spent the rest of the day guarding the bridge they had suffered so much to capture.

General Lee's Army of Northern Virginia was organized into two large infantry corps. Army of Northern Virginia [3] Texas Brigade. Presidential Election of War Democrats.