McPherson's popular one-volume history of the war uses the two names interchangeably because he states that "neither name has any intrinsic superiority over the other. On July 16, , he set out with the Army of Northeastern Virginia, about 28, men, from Washington to attack the Confederate forces near Manassas, Virginia, just 25 miles away, and push them farther from the Northern capital. It was not until midmorning on the 21st that the first Union elements actually crossed Bull Run.

Namespaces Article Talk. Harcourt, If so, they would have been the only foreign-made weapons on the field.

As Ricketts's division approached the Confederate lines, it became clear that the enemy was still there in force and was showing no sign of retreating. For some reason, McDowell neglected to forward Buford's report to Pope until about 7 p. An exact estimate of both armies' strength at the battle is not possible as different reports and returns provide differing figures.