Italy faced several terror attacks between —93 perpetrated by the Sicilian Mafia as a consequence of several life sentences pronounced during the " Maxi Trial ", and of the new anti-mafia measures launched by the government. During the s and the s, centre-right dominated by media magnate Silvio Berlusconi and centre-left coalitions led by university professor Romano Prodi alternately governed the country.

Murdoch Christian Iansante: See Date and time notation in Italy. Although in practice these were oligarchical, and bore little resemblance to a modern democracy , the relative political freedom they afforded was conducive to academic and artistic advancement.

Bord Bia. Westport Connecticut: Introduced in the early s, jazz took a particularly strong foothold in Italy, and remained popular despite the xenophobic cultural policies of the Fascist regime.